A number of existing and emerging EU policies and initiatives to green plastics, packaging, fuels and more through plant-based sources are at risk of backfiring with big social and environmental impacts, according to this new report.
Substituting fossil-based products for plant-based ones is the core idea of the ‘bioeconomy’, which is promoted in the EU through renewable energy policies and a specific Bioeconomy Strategy, and is likely to be included in future legislation on plastics and packaging.
Governments and industry are promoting the bioeconomy, with the promised benefit of reduced reliance on fossil fuels. However, this report reveals that it can come at a high environmental and social price:
Land Under Pressure: global impacts of the EU bioeconomy (PDF-File 2.39 MB)
Policy Briefing: Land Under Pressure. (PDF-File 841.17 KB)