Pure hemp oil is not suitable as fuel for the plant oil engines available today, but a 20 percent admixture to rapeseed oil could improve low-temperature behaviour and flowability of pure plant oil fuels. However, the use in fuels is only economically feasible only for oils which can’t be marketed cost-effectively for human nutrition, cosmetics or animal food. These are the main conclusions of the world’s first technical and economical analysis on “Hemp Oil as Plant Oil Fuel”.
For a Swiss agricultural information service, the Technologie- und Foerderzentrum (TFZ) in Straubing, Germany, has researched the suitability of different qualities of hemp oil as fuel on the basis of the requirements of the DIN prestandard for rapeseed oil fuel (DIN V 51605). The nova-Institut in Huerth, Germany, has calculated several scenarios for the current and future competitiveness of using this valuable oil for fuel.
Michael Carus, managing director of the nova-Institut, summed up the results: “Hemp oil can only play an important role as a plant oil fuel if engines specially constructed or adapted for the use of hemp oil are available and hemp varieties with improved seed yield per hectare and higher oil content have been bred. Neither of these developments can be expected in the forseeable future.”
The use of hemp oil as plant oil fuel will therefore remain limited to niche markets or special conditions. One option might be the use of low-grade hemp oil for fuel or the use of seeds harvested as joint products in the large-scale cultivation of hemp fibre, if these can’t be used in higher value products.
From a technical point of view, mainly coke residue, iodine amount and oxidation stability presented problems. Regarding low-temperature behaviour and thus flowability, hemp oil was identified to be superior to rapeseed oil. At 40° Celcius, its kinematic viscosity is 20 percent lower than that of rapeseed oil. Therefore, adding up to 20 percent hemp oil to rapeseed oil fuel would be an option at present. However, extensive research relevant to fuel and engines would need to be carried out prior to practical implementation.
An english summary of the study (6 pages plus figures) as well as the full results (in German language) are available online without charge at the nova-Shop and on the website of the European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA, “documents – studies”).
- Carus, M.; Breuer, T.; Gerlach, F. (nova-Institut) (2007): Examination of hemp oil with regard to its suitability as fuel for engines adapted to pure plant oil use (English summary of the complete study and figures of the technical analysis). (PDF-Dokument)
- Carus, M., Breuer, T., Ortmann, S. (nova-Institut) (2007): Untersuchung von Hanföl auf seine Eignung als Pflanzenöl-Kraftstoff. (German summary and economical analysis) Hürth, August 2007. (PDF-Dokument)
- Emberger, P, Thuneke, K., Haas, R., Remmele, E. (TFZ) (2007): Prüfung von Hanföl hinsichtlich seiner Eignung als Kraftstoff für pflanzentaugliche Motoren. (Technical Analysis) Straubing, April 2007. (PDF-Dokument, 1,5 MB)
- Download this press release as PDF file: 08-04-11_hemp_oil_as_fuel_pm
Source: nova-Institut, 2008-04-02.