Industrial biotechnology produces and uses enzymes and microorganisms to transform renewable resources into everyday products. As such, it provides an alternative to using fossil resources, such as crude oil, natural gas or coal, as the raw material for making these products.
The concept of cascading use of biomass is increasingly referred to by a broad variety of sectors, organisations, policy makers and academics in the context of biomass use but it can and often does mean different things to different people.
This concept was initially developed by the wood sector. In this sector, the cascading principle is defined as: “a strategy for using raw materials or the products made from them in chronologically sequential steps as long, often and efficiently as possible for materials and only to recover energy from them at the end of the product life cycle”.
It is increasingly cited by several stakeholders and policy makers as a guiding principle for all sectors using biomass as their primary feedstock to ensure a sustainable bioeconomy.
Full text, please see PDF: Creating a sustainable bioeconomy using biomass in a smart and efficient way
Source: EuropaBio, 2015-07-01.